The Czech Ice Hockey Association (CIHA) is a civil society organization, a national governing body of ice hockey in the Czech Republic and one of the founding member associations of the International Ice Hockey Federation, founded in 1908.

The CIHA centrally organizes the following competitions: I. & II. liga (second and third highest senior leagues), U20 Extraliga and liga, U18 Extraliga and liga and the Women's League. Through its regional associations, The CIHA is also the organizer of the U16 Extraliga and liga and other senior, junior, midget and youth competitions. The CIHA sends the Czech national team (including junior, veterans', women's and sledge teams) for international games.

The highest body of the CIHA is the so called “Conference”, which takes part every second year. Once every four years, the conference is elected. Between two conferences, the CIHA is ruled by the Executive Committee of 11 members with a president of the CIHA. There are 18 other comissions within the CIHA (Arbitration, Goalies, Disciplinary, Disciplinary Commission for the Extraliga, Economical and Marketing, Youth, Endowment fund of Ivan Hlinka, Referees, Para ice hockey, Womens ice hockey, Medical, National Teams, Conciliation, Sport/Technical, Methodical, Veterans, The Czech Hockey Hall of Fame proposal, Players). The Supervisory board is the permament member of these comissions.

Clubs as well as individuals can be members of the CIHA. Hockey clubs are associated within 14 regions of the Czech Republic into the 14 regional associations.There are also district Executive Comittees The CIHA licenses around 110,000 registered players, 85,000 of them are men. There are around 2m600 registered women. There are approximately. 150 covered rinks and arenas.